Guidelines for Motorcyclists
The motorized two-wheeler rider is the one most likely to sustain serious injuries no matter what he hits- a pedestrian, a cat or another vehicle. This is because he is traveling at a speed more than 15 kmph without any protection around, and the human body is not able to tolerate forces generated when the head or any other bone hits hard and rigid objects at speed higher than 15 kmph. We can avoid accidents by following guidelines:
- While driving always carry your driving license and important documents such as your vehicle registration certificate, insurance certificate, road tax and P.U.C certificate
- MUST NOT carry more than one pillion rider and he/she MUST sit astride the machine on a proper seat and should keep both feet on the footrests.
- Make yourself as visible as possible from the sides as well as the front and rear. You could wear a white or brightly coloured helmet. Wear fluorescent clothing or strips.
- Dipped headlights, even in good daylight, may also make you more conspicuous.
- You should be aware of what is behind and in the sides before maneuvering. Look behind you; use mirrors if they are fitted.
- Wear reflective clothing or strips to improve your chances of being seen in the dark.
- Never Drink while driving
- Follow the traffic signals, lights and signs
- Avoid using the cell phone when driving. If urgent move to left, stop and then take the call
- Do not ride at high speeds. You may lose control and your life in the bargain
- Always use a helmet
- Do not ride or wheel your vehicle on to the footpath
- Use your lights when riding at night
- Understand the signals given by other road users and use the same when riding
- Never stop abruptly in traffic. Move to the left and slow down When passing a stationery vehicle allow sufficient clearance for the car doors which may open suddenly
- Do not try and weave your way through stationery or slow moving traffic. It may cause accidents
- Slow down at zebra crossing and if needs be stop
- Always ride with both hands on the handlebar except when signaling
- Don’t sit children on fuel tanks or stand them in front of the rider
- Avoid using brakes at turns. If needed, ensure both brakes are applied gently
- MUST wear a protective helmet. Helmets MUST comply with the Regulations
- MUST be fastened securely.
- Facts about Helmet
- It should not obstruct vision
- It should not impair with hearing.
- It should be light weight.
- It should not cause fatigue which causes crashes.
- It should not cause skin diseases.
- It should not increase the probability of neck injuries.
Kinds of helmets to be used :
It should have a thick padding of thermo Cole- at least 20 mm- which must extend to the sides of the head. A full face helmet is safer by all means.
Components of the helmet and their roles :
- The Shell : The shell of a helmet is an injection molded thermoplastic or a pressure molded thermo set that is reinforced with glass fibers or made of fiber glass.
- It absorbs energy in an impact:- The shell bends when the helmet is impacted and the underlying foam deforms. At moderate speeds the shell can take one-third of the impact energy.
- It distributes local forces from an impact:-Rigid objects like stone or a projecting beam can cause a skull fracture at low forces, the shell acts to distribute the force of such impact eliminating the risk of penetration.
- It allows sliding on road surfaces:- The shell being rigid and having a convex shape allows the helmet to slide along a road surface without there being an excessive force. .It protects the face and temples:- Full-face helmet is beneficial in protecting the face and jaw. The chin bar of such helmets contain rigid foam to absorb energy for direct blows on the chin, prevent facial bone fractures and prevent the lower part of the forehead and temple being struck.
- The foam liner : This is a molding of polystyrene beads or polyurethane foam. It provides a stopping distance for the head. The foam can compress by 90% during an impact, although it recovers partially afterwards. But this helps increase the stopping distance thus reducing the peak deceleration of the head. It also protects as much as possible of the head.
- Proper strapping system : It is essential to wear a well-fitting helmet for the effective working of chinstrap system. To test if the helmet fits your head properly, tightly fasten the chinstrap and then pull helmet off forward by gripping the rear and then pulling. The strap must be threaded correctly so that the buckle locks the strap when it is pulled from the chin side. The strap must be pulled as tight as is bearable under the chin.
Guidelines for Car Drivers
- Always carry your driving license and important documents such as your vehicle registration certificate, insurance certificate, road tax and P.U.C certificate with you while driving.
- Don’t Drink while Driving.
- Don’t Drive under the influence of drugs.
- Obey all traffic signals, lights and signs.
- Use the indicator or hand signals when changing lanes.
- Adhere to permitted speed limits.
- Don’t use your cell phone while driving. If you must, move to the left, halt and then make the call.
- Irrespective of right of way, stay alert and be considerate to pedestrians especially senior citizens, handicapped, ladies and children.
- Do not overload your vehicles – be it luggage or passengers.
- Do not use tinted glasses, lenses or visors or anything that restricts vision at night or in poor visibility conditions.
- Do not drink and drive as it adversely affects your judgment and abilities.
- Wear seat belts.
- Always drive using the correct gear.
- Avoid sudden braking and harsh acceleration.
- Never use the clutch as footrest while driving.
- Do not overload your vehicle or trailer. Never tow greater weight than recommended by the manufacturer of your vehicle.
- Please ensure that all children under 14 years of age wear seat belts or sit in an approved child restraint.
- Driving in fatigue enhances the probability of an accident. To minimize this risk you must follow these rules:
- Make sure you are fit to drive. Do not undertake a long journey (longer than an hour) if you feel tired.
- Avoid undertaking long journeys between midnight and early morning hours, when natural alertness is at its worst.
- Plan your journey in breaks. A minimum break of at least 15 minutes after every two hours of driving is recommended.
- If you feel sleepy, stop at a safe place. Do not stop on the hard shoulder of a motorway
- The most effective ways to counter sleepiness are to take a short nap (up to 15 minutes) or drink, for example, two cups of strong coffee. Fresh air, exercise or turning up the radio may help for a short time, but are not as effective.
Children in cars.
- Drivers who are carrying children in cars should ensure that :
- Children do not sit behind the rear seats in an estate car or hatchback, unless a special child seat has been fitted.
- The child safety door locks, where fitted, are used when children are in the car.
- Children are kept under control.
- A rear-facing baby seat is never fitted into a seat protected by an AIRBAG
Guidelines for Bus and Truck Drivers
- Buses and Trucks fall under the category of heavy vehicle.
- They should be driven on the extreme left, speed governors are mandatory for them and the maximum speed limit for buses and trucks is 40 KMPH.
- Buses and trucks can never overtake any other vehicle.
- Bus drivers should drive their buses along the bus lane and should stop the buses inside the bus box that is drawn near the bus stops. Other buses that are coming behind and are destined to stop at this bus stop should stop behind the first bus in a line and wait for their turn. Under no circumstances can the latter bus stand parallel to the former bus or overtake it.
Guidelines for Bus and Truck Drivers regarding towing and loading
- You must not tow more than your license permits you to.
- You must not overload your vehicle or trailer. You should not tow a weight greater than that recommended by the manufacturer of your vehicle.
- You must secure your load and it must not stick out dangerously.
- You should properly distribute the weight in your caravan or trailer with heavy items mainly over the axle(s) and ensure a downward load on the tow ball. This should avoid the possibility of swerving or snaking and going out of control. If this does happen, ease off the accelerator and reduce speed gently to regain control.